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What is Sleep Hygiene and How to Practice it?

Sleep hygiene is the set of habits and practices that can help improve the quality of your sleep. It involves creating a conducive environment for sleep, establishing a consistent sleep schedule, and adopting healthy habits that support restful sleep.

Why is sleep hygiene important?

Getting enough quality sleep is essential for our physical and mental well-being. Poor sleep hygiene can lead to a range of health issues, including fatigue, irritability, difficulty concentrating, and even weight gain. It can also increase the risk of developing conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, and depression.

On the other hand, good sleep hygiene can help you sleep better and wake up feeling refreshed and energized. It can improve your mood, productivity, and overall quality of life.

So, what can you do to practice good sleep hygiene? Here are some tips to get you started:

1. Create a sleep-friendly environment

Your bedroom should be a calm, quiet, and dark place conducive to sleep. Here are a few things you can do to create a sleep-friendly environment:

  • Keep your bedroom cool, around 65-75°F (18-24°C).

  • Use comfortable, high-quality bedding.

  • Invest in a comfortable mattress and pillows.

  • Use blackout curtains or an eye mask to block out light.

  • Use a white noise machine or earplugs to block out noise.

  • Avoid using screens (phone, TV, computer) before bedtime. The blue light emitted by screens can disrupt your body's production of melatonin, a hormone that helps regulate sleep.

2. Establish a consistent sleep schedule

Your body has an internal clock called the circadian rhythm that regulates your sleep-wake cycle. Establishing a consistent sleep schedule helps your body get into a regular sleep pattern. Here are a few tips to establish a consistent sleep schedule:

  • Go to bed and wake up at the same time every day, even on weekends.

  • Avoid napping during the day.

  • Avoid caffeine, alcohol, and large meals close to bedtime.

  • Avoid intense exercise close to bedtime.

3. Adopt healthy habits that support sleep

There are several habits you can adopt to improve your sleep hygiene:

  • Practice relaxation techniques before bedtime, such as deep breathing, meditation, or progressive muscle relaxation.

  • Create a bedtime routine to help you wind down before sleep. This could include activities such as reading, taking a warm bath, or listening to soothing music.

  • Avoid using screens for at least an hour before bedtime.

  • Avoid using your bed for activities other than sleep and sex. This helps your brain associate your bed with sleep.

  • Try to get some natural light exposure during the day, as this can help regulate your body's production of melatonin.

4. Monitor your sleep

Keeping track of your sleep patterns can help you identify any issues and make changes to improve your sleep hygiene. Here are a few ways to monitor your sleep:

  • Keep a sleep diary, where you record the time you go to bed, the time you wake up, and how you feel in the morning.

  • Use a sleep tracker or app to monitor your sleep patterns.

  • Pay attention to how you feel during the day. If you're consistently feeling tired, it could be a sign that you're not getting enough sleep.

5. Get professional help

If you're still having trouble sleeping despite practicing good sleep hygiene, it might be time to seek professional help. A sleep specialist can help you identify any underlying issues and develop a treatment plan.


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